Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2023; 27 (11): 4936-4941
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202306_32610

Hepatitis A seroprevalence and demographic risk factors in the susceptible population: a cross-sectional study

E.F. Karasahin, O. Karasahin

Public Health, Erzurum Provincial Health Directorate, Erzurum, Turkey. karasahinfusun@gmail.com


OBJECTIVE: The epidemiology of hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection is influenced by variables such as age, sex, environmental conditions, and vaccination status. This study aimed to evaluate HAV seropositivity after the inclusion of hepatitis A vaccination in the national childhood immunization program and identify demographic risk factors of the susceptible population before routine vaccination.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional epidemiological study was conducted by retrospectively examining the laboratory records of patients who underwent HAV serology testing in a tertiary care center in eastern Turkey between 2008 and 2019.

RESULTS: Overall immunity to HAV was 81.6%. According to birthplace and year, the rate of anti-HAV positivity was higher among people born before 2006 in the Southeast and Eastern Anatolia regions. For those born in 2012 or later, the lowest seropositivity was among those born in the Southeast region, while it was over 60% in the other regions. When analyzed by year of birth, the lowest seropositivity was in those born between 1994 and 2011, and the frequency of seropositivity increased with age. Of those born between 1982 and 1999, the seropositivity rate was higher among men than women. Rural dwellers born before 2012 had higher seropositivity than urban dwellers. Among those born before the introduction of routine childhood HAV vaccination, female sex, urban dwelling, and each additional year of age were identified as independent demographic risk factors for HAV susceptibility.

CONCLUSIONS: Socioeconomic development and immunization programs have altered HAV seroprevalence patterns. Planning catch-up vaccinations, especially in adolescents and young adults (born in 1994-2011) with low seropositivity and ensuring the continuity of hygiene and sanitation practices are important to protect the susceptible population.

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To cite this article

E.F. Karasahin, O. Karasahin
Hepatitis A seroprevalence and demographic risk factors in the susceptible population: a cross-sectional study

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2023
Vol. 27 - N. 11
Pages: 4936-4941
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202306_32610