Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2017; 21 (6): 1276-1280

Angiogenesis characteristics of infantile hemangioma and feasibility observation of transplantation model of human hemangioma on mice

Y. Fu, Z.-G. Yang, L.-Y. Zhao

Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery, Binzhou Medical University Hospital, Binzhou, China. zhaolianying201605@163

OBJECTIVE: To study pathogenic features of pediatric hemangiomas, we successfully established a model in mice, by transplanting human hemangioma tissues.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The hemangioma from the leg of a two-month-old infant was dissected and sliced into several pieces. During a careful surgical procedure, the hemangioma tissues were individually transplanted into skin incisions in anesthetized mice. The volume of the transplanted tumors was measured and the changes in shape recorded at 1 day, and at 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 months after the transplantation. HE dyeing, CD31 and Glut1 IHC were applied to tumors in the proliferation and involuting phases. Also, 10 survival tumors and 10 normal tissues from infants undergoing circumcisions (control tissues) were used to determine their Angiotensin 1 (Ang1), Angiotensin 2 (Ang2), Tie2, and endothelium growth factor (VEGF) expression levels by IHC method.

RESULTS: We observed all the tumors going through the same stages, where after two months their volumes increased sharply and then after 4 months they all began to recede. During the proliferative phase, newly born capillaries could be seen and the tumor elasticity increased (bright red color). During the involuting phase, the color faded away and the tumors became harder and were almost gone by 6 months. During the first two months after transplantation, HE dyeing showed hypertrophied and proliferating endothelial cells accumulating inside the tumors with irregular cavities inside blood vessels being filled by them. During the involuting phase (at 4 months), the lumen in blood vessels was distinctly enlarged while fiber and adipose tissue had significantly deposited. The transplanted and original tumors tested positive for CD31 and Glut1 dyeing, without significant differences. Compared with control samples, the Ang1 expression of the transplanted tumor in both the hyperplasia and proliferative phases was stably low (p<0.05), while expressions of Ang2 and Tie2 were both stably high (p<0.05). The VEGF expression in the tumors, however, was high during the proliferative phase (p<0.05), while the VEGF of the involuting phase showed no significant differences from that of the normal samples (p>0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: We showed the reliability of the mouse model in reflecting the pathologic evolution of the proliferation and involuting phases of infantile hemangiomas. Angiogenic mediators Ang1, Ang2 and Tie2 may be abnormally expressed and play important roles in the development of this angiogenic disease.

Free PDF Download

To cite this article

Y. Fu, Z.-G. Yang, L.-Y. Zhao
Angiogenesis characteristics of infantile hemangioma and feasibility observation of transplantation model of human hemangioma on mice

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2017
Vol. 21 - N. 6
Pages: 1276-1280