Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2019; 23 (21): 9222-9229
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201911_19414

SNHG16 promotes the progression of osteoarthritis through activating microRNA-93-5p/CCND1 axis

W. Cheng, C.-Y. Hao, S. Zhao, L.-L. Zhang, D. Liu

Department of Orthopedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Jinzhou Medical University, Jinzhou, China. liudan5900@163.com


OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate whether SNHG16 (small nucleolar RNA host gene 16) can promote the progression of osteoarthritis (OA) by regulating the microRNA-93-5p/Cyclin D1 (CCND1) axis, thereby finding new therapeutic targets for the treatment of OA.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 23 OA patients and 23 patients undergoing lower extremity amputation were enrolled in this study. We collected their cartilage tissues from knee joint for isolating chondrocytes. The relative levels of SNHG16, CCND1 and microRNA-93-5p in cartilage tissues of OA patients and controls were determined by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). The regulatory effect of SNHG16 on proliferative potential of chondrocytes was evaluated by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and colony formation assay, respectively. Cell cycle progression was examined using flow cytometry. Dual-Luciferase reporter gene assay was conducted to verify the binding between SNHG16 with microRNA-93-5p and microRNA-93-5p with CCND1. Rescue experiments were performed to elucidate whether SNHG16 regulated CCND1 expression by targeting microRNA-93-5p.

RESULTS: The expressions of SNHG16 and CCND1 upregulated, while microRNA-93-5p downregulated in cartilage tissues of OA patients relative to controls. Correlation regression analyses showed a negative expression correlation between SNHG16 and microRNA-93-5p, as well as CCND1 and microRNA-93-5p in OA patients. On the contrary, SNHG16 expression was positively correlated to CCND1 expression in OA. The knockdown of SNHG16 suppressed viability, cloning ability and cell cycle progression, but induced apoptosis in chondrocytes. Dual-Luciferase reporter gene assay showed that SNHG16 could bind to microRNA-93-5p. SNHG16 knockdown markedly upregulated the expression of microRNA-93-5p. Moreover, the knockdown of microRNA-93-5p reversed the inhibited viability due to SNHG16 knockdown. Transfection of microRNA-93-5p mimics markedly inhibited CCND1 expression. Importantly, CCND1 overexpression reversed the inhibitory effect of SNHG16 knockdown on chondrocyte viability.

CONCLUSIONS: SNHG16 promotes the development of OA by regulating microRNA-93-5p/CCND1 axis.

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To cite this article

W. Cheng, C.-Y. Hao, S. Zhao, L.-L. Zhang, D. Liu
SNHG16 promotes the progression of osteoarthritis through activating microRNA-93-5p/CCND1 axis

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2019
Vol. 23 - N. 21
Pages: 9222-9229
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201911_19414