Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2000; 4 (5): 127-131

CD8+/CD38+: immune activity and clinical significance in HCV patients with and without interferon therapy

A. Perrella, O. Perrella*, P. Conca, G. Tarantino

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Federico II University Medical School – Naples (Italy)
*VII Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, D. Cotugno Hospital – Naples (Italy)


Abstract. – At the light of the importance of cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) response during chronic hepatitis C, we carried out a study in order to evaluate the CD8+/CD38+T-cells, immunophenotypic marker of CD8+ activated cells in a selected cohort of 22 patients for four months. The patients were subdivided in two groups: A (with IFN therapy), B (without IFN therapy). The results show that in IFN-treated subjects there is a significant reduction of ALT (sign test, z = .424;p < .05) and that the CD8+/CD38+ present a positive correlation with HCV-RNA (r = .894; p< .05). We hypothesize that during IFN therapy the CD8+/CD38+ activity is able to oppose HCV, probably by increasing MHC I expression on the infected cells due to the IFN modulatory action, that could strengthen the immune response of CD8+ activated T-lymphocytes. These events confer the capacity to specifically respond to any viral replication and probably take part in the reduction of ALT levels by decreasing the chronic inflammation present during a defective immune response. These data show think CD8+/CD38+ marker could be a good parameter to evaluate both the viral activity and immunological status in HCV+ patients undergoing IFN treatment.

To cite this article

A. Perrella, O. Perrella*, P. Conca, G. Tarantino
CD8+/CD38+: immune activity and clinical significance in HCV patients with and without interferon therapy

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2000
Vol. 4 - N. 5
Pages: 127-131