Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021; 25 (10): 3647-3654
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202105_25930

Radiofrequency thermoablation (RFA) and radiotherapy (RT) combined treatment for bone metastases: a systematic review

A. Piras, M. La Vecchia, L. Boldrini, A. D’Aviero, D. Galanti, A. Guarini, A. Sanfratello, V. Venuti, T. Angileri, A. Daidone

Villa Santa Teresa, Radioterapia Oncologica, Bagheria, Palermo, Italy. andrea.daviero@guest.policlinicogemelli.it

 


OBJECTIVE: Approximately 50% of cancer patients develop bone metastases in their natural disease history. The management of metastatic bone disease requires a multidisciplinary approach.

Both radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and radiation therapy (RT) were safe and effective in the management of painful metastases, even if they rely on totally different action mechanisms. A synergistic combination of RT and RFA seems to result in a better pain control.

A systematic review was performed to describe the feasibility and effectiveness of the association between RFA and RT in the treatment of metastatic bone pain in oligo-metastatic patients, evaluating its role in alleviating bone pain, reducing the risk of fractures, and consequently ensuring a better quality of life.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic database search was conducted according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta‐Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. This systematic review included studies that reported populations meeting the following inclusion criteria: (I) confirmed bone metastases in adult patients; (II) active bone metastases pain; (III) patients treated with combined RFA-RT; (IV) Original studies.

RESULTS: Three papers that evaluated the combined treatment with doses ranging from moderately hypofractionated three-dimensional conformal RT (3D-CRT) and stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) schedules were selected.

CONCLUSIONS: The RFA-RT combined strategy appears to be promising in terms of efficiency and safety with adequate pain control and quality of life improvement. Positive effects on time to local failure and overall survival increase were also observed. Further prospective studies are needed to better delineate RFA-RT treatment benefits.

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A. Piras, M. La Vecchia, L. Boldrini, A. D’Aviero, D. Galanti, A. Guarini, A. Sanfratello, V. Venuti, T. Angileri, A. Daidone
Radiofrequency thermoablation (RFA) and radiotherapy (RT) combined treatment for bone metastases: a systematic review

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2021
Vol. 25 - N. 10
Pages: 3647-3654
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202105_25930