Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021; 25 (22): 6862-6873
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202111_27234

Chymase-positive Mast cells correlate with tumor angiogenesis: first report in pancreatic cancer patients

C. Laface, M. Laforgia, A.F. Zito, D. Loisi, N. Zizzo, R. Tamma, C.D. Gadaleta, M. Porcelli, G. Currò, M. Ammendola, G. Ranieri

Interventional and Medical Oncology Unit, IRCCS Istituto Tumori “G. Paolo II”, Bari, Italy. giroran@tiscali.it


OBJECTIVE: Mast cells (MCs) are known to be involved in several physiological and pathological processes in humans and animals. Recently, their potential role in tumor development and angiogenesis has been investigated, arising interesting results to be potentially applied in clinics. Mast cells’ granules contain a huge quantity of protease enzymes that, through different mechanisms, induce the formation of new microvessels, feeding tumor burden. Among them, tryptase and chymase are the most abundant enzymes: tryptase is well known for its multiple activities, on the contrary, the role of chymase in pancreatic cancer angiogenesis has not been investigated yet.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Our research aims to correlate to each other and to angiogenesis four different tissue parameters (MCs density positive to chymase, MCs area positive to chymase, microvascular density and endothelial area) together with the main clinical-pathological characteristics in 52 patients surgically resected for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, employing immunohistochemistry and image analysis system.

RESULTS: All reported tissue parameters match to confirm the correlation between chymase enzyme and angiogenesis in pancreatic cancer.

CONCLUSIONS: This evidence could become a starting point for a new potential therapeutic route exploiting chymase inhibitors as a novel anti-angiogenetic strategy in pancreatic cancer patients.

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To cite this article

C. Laface, M. Laforgia, A.F. Zito, D. Loisi, N. Zizzo, R. Tamma, C.D. Gadaleta, M. Porcelli, G. Currò, M. Ammendola, G. Ranieri
Chymase-positive Mast cells correlate with tumor angiogenesis: first report in pancreatic cancer patients

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2021
Vol. 25 - N. 22
Pages: 6862-6873
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202111_27234