Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2013; 17 (8): 1060-1063

Prospective follow up of fertility after adolescent laparoscopic varicocelectomy

B. Pajovic, N. Radojevic

Faculty of Medicine, University of Montenegro, Urology and Nephrology Clinic, Clinical Centre of Montenegro, Podgorica, Montenegro.

BACKGROUND: Varicocele associated with infertility has been recognized for years. Referential literature provides few papers, even meta-analyses which did not confirm the success of surgery related to the increasing of the semen quality.

AIM: The purpose of the presented paper is referred in arising the quantum of knowledge related to usefulness of surgery in varicocele treatment.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: The varococele incidence was established in premature age (7-18) in population of 969 boys. In those who suffered from varicocele, we estimated their semen analysis parameters before and three months after the surgery, and followed up the pregnancy rate in surgically treated subjects many years after the treatment.

RESULTS: A prevalence of 9.7% in premature age, significantly raising in the group aged 15-18 was showed. After the laparoscopic varicocelectomy, all of the semen parameters (left testicular volume, pH, sperm count, abnormal forms and viability) were improved, since the semen volume and the progressive motility not significantly. Since we observed adolescent varicocele, some of the semen parameters initialy have not been out of reference limits. Following the surgically treated subjects for next 12-17 years, the pregnancy rate is at least 75%, since not all of them have been married yet.

CONCLUSIONS: We recorded improvement of two out of three parameters of fertility after the operation in a group of 23 surgically treated patients. This fact encourages those who advocate surgical treatment of varicocele in adolescents, since the early therapy would prevent fertility disorders.

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To cite this article

B. Pajovic, N. Radojevic
Prospective follow up of fertility after adolescent laparoscopic varicocelectomy

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2013
Vol. 17 - N. 8
Pages: 1060-1063