Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2015; 19 (18): 3418-3425

Ovarian transposition in young women and fertility sparing

B. Mossa, M. Schimberni, L. Di Benedetto, S. Mossa

Surgical and Medical Department of Translational Medicine, Sant’Andrea Hospital,
Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, “Sapienza” University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

OBJECTIVE: Ovarian transposition is a highly effective surgical procedure used to preserve ovarian function in premenopausal patients with cancers requiring postoperative or primary pelvic radiotherapy. Pelvic irradiation determines severe damage of ovarian DNA and iatrogenic ovarian failure with premature menopause, necessity of long-term hormone replacement therapy and infertility.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted an extensive research of the literature in Medline between January 2000 and April 2015 using the key-words “ovarian transposition radiotherapy”, “radiotherapy gonadal function”, radiotherapy fertility sparing”. The population included young women with normal ovarian function affected by cancers that required pelvic radiotherapy. We have examined 32 articles reporting on 1189 women undergoing ovarian transposition. Median age was 32.5 years, follow up was median 48 months. The procedure has been performed in patients less than 40 years of age. Surgery has been achieved by laparotomy or laparoscoy. We have analyzed effects of radiotherapy on ovarian function.

RESULTS: The proportion of women treated by ovarian transposition preserved ovarian function was 70%. About 86% of patients did not develop ovarian cysts and in 98-99% of cases did not occur any metastatic disease.

CONCLUSIONS: Ovarian transposition is associated with significant preservation of ovarian function and a low frequency of complications as cysts and metastasis. In 31% of cases the procedure can fail. Further studies are needed to evaluate the efficacy of ovarian transposition and the follow up. Ovarian transposition should be discussed at the time of cancer diagnosis in every premenopausal woman requiring pelvic radiotherapy.

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To cite this article

B. Mossa, M. Schimberni, L. Di Benedetto, S. Mossa
Ovarian transposition in young women and fertility sparing

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2015
Vol. 19 - N. 18
Pages: 3418-3425